Teaching the Basic
Present Simple / Present Continuous – Present Progressive
Note: Contrast between habits and temporary actions
The Basics – Past Simple
There are two principal past tenses used to make general statements about the past: The past simple and the past continuous. The two tenses are quite different. Use the past simple to talk about an event which happened at some point in time in the past.
- Matthew flew to Chicago last week.
- John visited his friends in Florida two months ago.
The Basics – Past Continuous
The past continuous is usually used to refer to events happening at the same time that something important happened in the past.
- They were doing their homework when she arrived.
- Christ was studying while Dom was cooking dinner..
The past continuous is also used to express what was happening at a precise moment in the past.
- I was attending a lecture at 2.30 yesterday afternoon.
- Megan was reading a book at six yesterday evening.
Past Simple Structure
Subject + Verb + ed OR Irregular Past Form + Objects
I, You, He, She, We, They –> played golf yesterday afternoon.
I, You, He, She, We, They -=> went lunch at noon.
Subject + did not (didn’t) + Verb + Objects
I, You, He, She, We, They –> didn’t go on vacation last summer.
Subject + did not (doesn’t) + Verb + Objects
(Why, What, etc.) + did + Subject + Verb + Objects?
Did –> I, you, we, they –> attend the meeting last week?
Past Continuous Structure
Subject + conjugate the helping verb “be” + verb + -ing.
I was, You were, He was, She was, We were, You were, They were –> watching TV when I arrived.
Subject + conjugate the helping verb “be” + not + verb + -ing.
I wasn’t, You weren’t, He wasn’t, She wasn’t, We weren’t, You weren’t, They weren’t –> working when he came into the room.
Question word + conjugate the helping verb ‘be’ + subject + verb + -ing
What –> were you, they –> doing at seven o’clock?
What –> was I, he, she –> doing at seven o’clock?
Note: Focus on use with the past simple to describe ‘interrupted actions’ in the past
Note: focus on use of present perfect for unfinished time – i.e. the duration form. Focus should also include adverbs commonly used with the present perfect: since, for, just, already, yet
Future with ‘Will’
Note: Contrast this form with future intentions form – i.e. future with ‘going to’
Future with ‘Going to’
Note: Contrast this form with future predictions form – i.e. future with ‘will’
Present Continuous (Present Progressive)
Note: Use for future intentions and plans, discuss similarities to future with ‘going to’
Note: Used for probable or realistic situations
Modal Verbs of Deduction
Note: Use of ‘must be’, ‘might be’ and ‘can’t be’ use in the present
Some – Any
Note: Call to attention the irregular use of some in requests and offers
Note: too, enough, a lot of, a few, much, many (in question and negative forms), etc.
Prepositions of Place
Note: in front of, opposite, behind, between, across, etc.
Prepositions of Movement
Note: straight on, on your right, past the house, into, out of, etc.
Common Phrasal Verbs
Note: get on with, look after, fed up with, put off, make up, etc.
Verb + Gerund
Note: like doing, enjoy doing, go swimming, etc.
Verb + Infinitive
Note: hope to do, want to do, manage to do, etc.
Basic Verb and Preposition Combinations
Note: listen to, arrive at, go through, etc.
Comparatives & Superlatives
Note: taller than, more beautiful than, as tall as, happier than, the tallest, the most difficult, etc.