Greeting – Basic

There are many ways to greet someone. We’ll learn about the most common way to greet someone in this lesson. I’ll give a variety of example sentences.

Greeting someone you never met:
Hi, my name is John. It’s nice to meet you.
You can respond to this by saying,
It’s a pleasure to meet you. I’m Hanna.

Another common question to ask is
What do you do for a living?

You can respond to this by saying,
I work at a restaurant.
I work at a bank.
I work in a software company.
I’m a dentist.

Usually, you will not need to ask for a name. It is implied that each person should say their name. But in case they don’t, you can ask,
What is your name?

Many times, I don’t hear the name. If you would like for them to repeat their name, you can say,
What was that again?
Excuse me?
Pardon me?

 

 

Greeting Someone you Know

Hey John, how have you been?
Hi Bob, how are you?
Hi Nancy, what have you been up to?
Andy, it’s been a long time, how are you man?

If you meet someone unexpectedly, you can say,
Hey Russel, it’s good to see you. What are you doing here?
or
What a surprise. I haven’t seen you in a long time. How have you been?

If you see the person at a restaurant, you can say, “Do you come to this restaurant often?
Or at the movie theater, “What movie did you come to see?

Appropriate responses:
Hi John, my name is Brad. It is nice to meet you as well.

I heard a lot about you from Mike. He had a lot of good things to say.

Wow. How long has it been? It seems like more than a year. I’m doing pretty well. How about you?

A typical response to this type of greeting is simple.
Not too bad.

If asked what you have been up to, you can respond with, “Same ole same ole.” Or, “The same as usual.

Here are some other example responses.
I’m pretty busy at work these days, but otherwise, everything is great.
I’m doing very well.
I finally have some free time. I just finished taking a big examination, and I’m so relieved that I’m done with it.

Restaurant Responses
I’ve been here a couple of times, but I don’t come on a regular basis.
I come pretty often. This is my favorite restaurant.
I can’t believe we haven’t seen each other before. I come here at least twice a week.

Movie Response
I came here to see Mission Impossible. How about you?

 

 

Greeting – Example Conversations

Let’s look at several example conversations.

Person A: “Hi, my name is John. It’s nice to meet you.
Person B: “I’m Ray. It’s a pleasure to meet you, John.
Person A: “What do you do for a living Ray?
Person B: “I work at the bank.

Person A: “What is your name?
Person B: “Michael”
Person A: “What was that again?

Person A: “Hey Kurt, how have you been?
Person B: “What a surprise. I haven’t seen you in a long time. How have you been?
Person A: “I’m doing very well. How about you?
Person B: “I finally have some free time. I just finished taking a big examination, and I’m so relieved that I’m done with it.

Person A: “Hi Cindy, what have you been up to?
Person B: “The same ole same ole.” Or, “The same as usual. How about you?
Person A: “I’m pretty busy at work these days, but otherwise, everything is great.

Person A: “Carlo, it’s been a long time, how are you man?
Person B: “What a surprise. I haven’t seen you in a long time. How have you been?
Person A: “Do you come to this restaurant often?
Person B: “I’ve been here a couple of times, but I don’t come on a regular basis.

Greeting – Interactive Practice

Sample 1
A: “Hi, how are you doing?”
B: “I’m doing great. How about you?”
A: “Not too bad.”
B: “Do you come to this restaurant often?”
A: “I’ve been here a couple of times, but I don’t come on a regular basis. What have you been up to?”
B: “I’m pretty busy at work these days, but otherwise, everything is great.”
A: “Well, have a good evening.”
B: “You too.”
Sample 2
A: “It’s nice to meet you. My name is John.”
B: “I’m Ethan. It’s a pleasure to meet you.”
A: “What was your name again?”
B: “Ethan.”
A: “So Ethan, What do you do for a living?”
B: “I work at the public library. How about you?”
A: “I’m a University student.”
B: “That’s great. It was nice meeting you.”
A: “Yeah. It was a pleasure meeting you.”
Sample 3
A: “Hey Susan, it’s good to see you.”
B: “Wow. How long has it been? It seems like more than a year. I’m doing pretty well. How about you?”
A: “Not too bad.”
B: “What movie did you come to see?”
A: “I came here to see Die Hard. How about you?”
B: “I’m going to watch Titanic.”

 

Bored – General Phrases

Being bored means having nothing to do. When someone is bored, they often call people and try to entertain themselves or try to find something to do with a friend. So being bored is a good starting point for conversational English.

General Phrases
I’m dying from boredom.
I hate being bored.
I don’t have anything to do.
My life is so boring.
Life is so boring.
I’m just watching TV until I find something to do.
I was bored all weekend.
I am so bored today.

I get bored very easily.
I get bored all the time.

A common place to get bored is when you have to visit family members.
It’s always boring whenever we go to our relatives.
It’s nice to visit my grandmother, but it gets boring after a couple of hours.
My cousins are so boring. All they do is watch tv.

There’s nothing to do in the country side. I’m always bored there.

If you think you are a boring person, here is a way to say that you are boring.
I think I’m a little boring.
I’m a boring person.

Boring can be used to describe someone.
He is a boring person.
His personality is very boring.
It’s boring whenever she’s around.

Using bored to answer a question is very common. Here are some general questions that someone might ask.
How was your trip?
How was your vacation?
How was your weekend?
How was the lecture?
How was the class?
How was the game?

Any of these types of questions can be answered with a simple answer.
It was pretty boring.
It was boring. I didn’t do much.
It wasn’t as fun as I thought. It was a little boring.
I was bored most of the time.
Because it was disorganized, we had too much extra time. I was bored during our free time.

 

How is your Day – General Statements

This lesson is a little shorter than others because speaking in the present tense is not as common as speaking in the future or past tense. Although speaking in the future tense or the past tense is more common, it is still important to know how to communicate in the present tense. Here are some example sentences:

I see Sarah over there by the newspaper stand.
I’m going to the library.
I’m on my way home.
I’m going to the bus stop.

John is going to the store.
“Merry is stopping by now.
The meeting is starting now.
The manager is waiting for you in her office.
Tell the receptionist that you are here to see Mr. Kim.

Questions:

A very common question you will run into is,
How are you doing?
How is your day going?
What are you doing now?

To answer these types of question, you must remember that you are talking about what is currently going on now, so you must use the present tense.

Here are some ways to answer the above question.
I’m enjoying the beautiful weather without any worries in the world.
I’m playing a video game on my computer because I have nothing to do.
I’m at the grocery store buying ingredients for tonight’s dinner.
I’m at the gym working out.

As you can see, each sentence is starting with, ‘I am’ instead of ‘I will be’ or ‘I was.’

More descriptive answers you can give are the following:
I’m pretty busy right now. I’m doing my homework because I have an exam tomorrow.
My project deadline is coming up, so I’m currently in the process of finishing my tasks.
I’m taking the day off from work today because I have so many errands. I’m going to the post office to send some packages to my friends.
I’m looking for a job. The job market does not look that great, but I can’t give up.
I’m applying for a job at a consulting firm in Taiwan.
I’m listening to music while thinking about my situation.

 

Tomorrow’s Plan – I am going to

Talking about the future is something that is done very frequently. Whether we are talking about our dreams or simply telling someone what we will do tomorrow is all spoken in the future tense.
I’m going to see Mark tomorrow.
I’m going to meet Jessica at the airport at 6 O’clock tonight.
I’m going to go home in an hour.
I’m going to go to the bus stop right after class.
I’m going to do that tomorrow.

When using ‘going to’ after ‘I am’ it is important that a future indicator is present. For example, if I say, ‘I am going to meet John’, this can also be present tense that we practiced previously. But if you add a future indicator like ‘at 6 O’clock tonight’ then it becomes future tense.

Other future tense indicators are:
‘going to go’
‘going to be’
‘I will’
‘I have to’

Let’s practice using these words:
I’m going to be dead if I don’t finish this project by tomorrow.
I’m going to go home next week.
I’ll meet you there at five.
I can’t go tonight because I have to work late.

 

Yesterday – The Past – General Statements

In daily conversation, talking about the past is done very frequently. Whenever you meet a friend, you always tell each other what you have been doing recently. Friends are always interested in each other so they want to know how you have been spending your time in the past.

Here are a couple of sentences that are common to say:
I went to the airport yesterday.
I met  last week.
I was an hour late for my meeting.
I went to the bus stop, but I was 30 seconds late. A person on the street told me the bus just went by.
I completed that task this morning.

Speaking in the past requires past tense words.

Past Tense Present Tense Future Tense
Went Go Going to go
Met Meet Will meet
Was Am Going to be
Completed Complete Will complete

As you can see by some of the examples in the chart, some words change when speaking in the past tense.

Besides some words that change, many times a word with the letter ‘d’ or ‘ed’ at the end changes the word to past tense. Here are some examples:
I was being polite so I opened the door for him.
I stapled the papers together to keep them organized.
The paper ripped on the bottom, so I taped them together.
I switched the presents around because I found out Jane doesn’t like red lipstick.
I was very interested in the topic so I paid close attention.

The tricky part is to know when to add a ‘d’ to the end of a word to make it past tense. There are exceptions that can cause confusion, for example,
I rode my bike to school.” It would be incorrect to say, ‘I rided…’
I built the house from scratch.” Incorrect way is to say, ‘I builded…’
I sat on the chair next to the emergency exit.” Incorrect way is to say, ‘sitted…’

So remember to use past tense words correctly or the other person might not understand what you are saying.